Transaction Decorator

Transaction Decorator

Transaction

Runs the decorated method in a TypeORM transaction. It works by creating a transactional QueryRunner which gets attached to the RequestContext object. When the RequestContext is the passed to the TransactionalConnection getRepository() method, this QueryRunner is used to execute the queries within this transaction.

Essentially, the entire resolver function is wrapped in a try-catch block which commits the transaction on successful completion of the method, or rolls back the transaction in an unhandled error is thrown.

Example

// in a GraphQL resolver file

@Transaction()
async myMutation(@Ctx() ctx: RequestContext) {
  // as long as the `ctx` object is passed in to
  // all database operations, the entire mutation
  // will be run as an atomic transaction, and rolled
  // back if an error is thrown.
  const result = this.myService.createThing(ctx);
  return this.myService.updateOtherThing(ctx, result.id);
}

TransactionMode

The Transaction decorator can handle transactions automatically (which is the default) or be set to “manual” mode, where the TransactionalConnection .startTransaction() and .commitOpenTransaction() methods must them be used.

Example

// in a GraphQL resolver file

@Transaction('manual')
async myMutation(@Ctx() ctx: RequestContext) {
  await this.connection.startTransaction(ctx);
  const result = this.myService.createThing(ctx);
  const thing = this.myService.updateOtherThing(ctx, result.id);
  await this.connection.commitOpenTransaction(ctx);
  return thing;
}

Note that even in manual mode, a rollback will be automatically performed in the case that an uncaught error is thrown within the resolver.

Signature

type TransactionMode = 'auto' | 'manual'