Using the JobQueueService

Using the JobQueueService

If your plugin involves long-running tasks, you can take advantage of the job queue system that comes with Vendure. This example defines a mutation that can be used to transcode and link a video to a Product’s customFields.

// product-video.resolver.ts
import { Args, Mutation, Resolver } from '@nestjs/graphql';
import { Ctx, RequestContext } from '@vendure/core'
import { ProductVideoService } from './product-video.service';

class ProductVideoResolver {

  constructor(private productVideoService: ProductVideoService) {}

  addVideoToProduct(@Args() args: any) {
    return this.productVideoService.transcodeForProduct(


The resolver just defines how to handle the new addVideoToProduct mutation, delegating the actual work to the ProductVideoService:

// product-video.service.ts
import { Injectable, OnModuleInit } from '@nestjs/common';
import { JobQueue, JobQueueService, ID, Product, TransactionalConnection } from '@vendure/core';
import { transcode } from 'third-party-video-sdk'; 

let jobQueue: JobQueue<{ productId: ID; videoUrl: string; }>;

class ProductVideoService implements OnModuleInit { 
  constructor(private jobQueueService: JobQueueService, 
              private connection: TransactionalConnection) {}

  onModuleInit() {
    // This check ensures that only a single JobQueue is created, even if this
    // service gets instantiated more than once.
    if (!jobQueue) {
      jobQueue = this.jobQueueService.createQueue({
        name: 'transcode-video',
        concurrency: 5,
        process: async job => {
          // Here we define how each job in the queue will be processed.
          // In this case we call out to some imaginary 3rd-party video
          // transcoding API, which performs the work and then
          // returns a new URL of the transcoded video, which we can then
          // associate with the Product via the customFields.
          try {
            const result = await transcode(;
            await this.connection.getRepository(Product).save({
              customFields: {
                videoUrl: result.url,
          } catch (e) {

  transcodeForProduct(productId: ID, videoUrl: string) { 
    // Add a new job to the queue and immediately return the
    // job itself.
    return jobQueue.add({ productId, videoUrl });

The ProductVideoService is in charge of setting up the JobQueue and adding jobs to that queue.

// product-video.plugin.ts
import gql from 'graphql-tag';
import { PluginCommonModule, VendurePlugin } from '@vendure/core';
import { ProductVideoService } from './product-video.service'
import { ProductVideoResolver } from './product-video.resolver'

  imports: [PluginCommonModule],
  providers: [ProductVideoService],
  adminApiExtensions: {
    schema: gql`
      extend type Mutation {
        addVideoToProduct(productId: ID! videoUrl: String!): Job!
    resolvers: [ProductVideoResolver]
  configuration: config => {
      name: 'videoUrl',
      type: 'string',
    return config;
export class ProductVideoPlugin {}

Finally, the ProductVideoPlugin brings it all together, extending the GraphQL API, defining the required CustomField to store the transcoded video URL, and registering our service and resolver. The PluginCommonModule is imported as it exports the JobQueueService.